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Nigeria Journal of Management Sciences (NJMS), Benue State University

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Assessment of the Implementation of Nigeria's Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) In Transition to a Low Carbon Economy

Okoh, A. I. Sadiq: Department of Political Science, Benue State University Makurdi Email:

Daniel Mulumo: College of Advanced and Professional Studies, Makurdi, Benue State

Orokpo, Ogbole Francis E, (PhD): Department of Public Administration The Federal Polytechnic Idah, Kogi State


Nigeria is a party to the Paris Agreement requiring her to carry out far reaching cuts in emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Effectively, government intends to embark on deep cuts of emission which will seriously limit the scale of pollution recorded in the country. However, this commitment works at cross-purposes with other plans such as the Vision 20: 2020 and the Economic Recovery and Growth Plan (ERGP). In this paper the complexities inherent in implementation of the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in the transition to a low carbon are examined. Data used to arrive at our findings is both qualitative and quantitative based on Nigeria Energy Calculator modeling tool for analyzing energy demand and supply in the country. We find that with business as usual scenario, GHG emissions will be high as structural crises at different scales are impediments to efficiently monitoring, reporting and verifying carbon emissions. And that market mechanism envisioned in the 2016/2017 budgets can usher in a dawn of green development yet, are incapable of holistically addressing issues of externalities in an economy where fossil dependency, biomass consumption, growing population, declining crude oil revenue, institutional debilities and inadequacy of data are rampart. The conclusion reached is Nigeria needs a new blueprint which we term the Food Sufficiency Economy (FSE) to usher in a zero carbon economy. FSE is a convergence of food sovereignty and sufficiency economy. It is in line with Africa's eco-biocommunitarianism perspective yet slanted toward Climate-Smart Agriculture as the building block for a low carbon and climate resilient future.

Key words: Food sovereignty, sufficiency economy, low carbon, renewable energy, biomass, Climate-Smart Agriculture, NDC.

To get access to the full text of this article: Faculty of Management Sciences, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria.

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